Cerebral palsy

Pract Neurol. 2016 Jun;16(3):184-94. doi: 10.1136/practneurol-2015-001184. Epub 2016 Feb 2.


Cerebral palsy has always been known as a disorder of movement and posture resulting from a non-progressive injury to the developing brain; however, more recent definitions allow clinicians to appreciate more than just the movement disorder. Accurate classification of cerebral palsy into distribution, motor type and functional level has advanced research. It also facilitates appropriate targeting of interventions to functional level and more accurate prognosis prediction. The prevalence of cerebral palsy remains fairly static at 2-3 per 1000 live births but there have been some changes in trends for specific causal groups. Interventions for cerebral palsy have historically been medical and physically focused, often with limited evidence to support their efficacy. The use of more appropriate outcome measures encompassing quality of life and participation is helping to deliver treatments which are more meaningful for people with cerebral palsy and their carers.


Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Palsy* / diagnosis
  • Cerebral Palsy* / etiology
  • Cerebral Palsy* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Movement Disorders
  • Muscle Spasticity
  • Quality of Life