Nosocomial infection in neonatal intensive care units

Am J Infect Control. 1989 Oct;17(5):250-7. doi: 10.1016/0196-6553(89)90171-5.


Nosocomial infection rates in neonatal intensive care units range from 5% to 25%. Both endemic and epidemic infections have been documented, with causative agents including gram-positive cocci, gram-negative bacilli, and viruses. This paper reviews the host, maternal, and environmental factors that influence susceptibility of neonates. Usual preventive measures, such as nursery design, staff apparel, handwashing, employee health, and neonatal care, as well as epidemic control measures to minimize infection risks and limit transmission of infectious organisms, are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cross Infection / epidemiology*
  • Cross Infection / etiology
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / standards*