Nutritional aspects related to endometriosis

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). Nov-Dec 2015;61(6):519-23. doi: 10.1590/1806-9282.61.06.519.


This literature review analyzed the evidence on nutritional aspects related to the pathogenesis and progression of endometriosis. Diets deficient in nutrients result in changes in lipid metabolism, oxidative stress and promote epigenetic abnormalities, that may be involved in the genesis and progression of the disease. Foods rich in omega 3 with anti-inflammatory effects, supplementation with N-acetylcysteine, vitamin D and resveratrol, in addition to the increased consumption of fruits, vegetables (preferably organic) and whole grains exert a protective effect, reducing the risk of development and possible regression of disease. Dietary re-education seems to be a promising tool in the prevention and treatment of endometriosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diet*
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Endometriosis / drug therapy
  • Endometriosis / etiology*
  • Epigenesis, Genetic / physiology*
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Fruit
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / complications*
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology*
  • Vegetables
  • Vitamin D / therapeutic use


  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Vitamin D