Isolation, identification and antibiotic resistance of Campylobacter strains isolated from domestic and free-living pigeons

Br Poult Sci. 2016 Apr;57(2):172-8. doi: 10.1080/00071668.2016.1148262.

Abstract

1. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of Campylobacter spp. in domestic and free-living pigeons and to evaluate the antibiotic resistance profiles. 2. The material consisted of cloacal swabs obtained from 108 homing pigeons and fresh faeces from 72 wild birds from Lublin and its vicinity. The identification of strains isolated on differential/selective media for Campylobacter spp. was carried out by MALDI-TOF and PCR. The susceptibility to antibiotics was evaluated by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) in Mueller-Hinton broth. 3. A total of 35 strains of Campylobacter spp. were isolated; 27 were identified as Campylobacter jejuni and 8 as Campylobacter coli. Over half of the isolates were resistant to erythromycin and streptomycin, 40% of strains were resistant to tetracycline and ampicillin and 37% isolates were resistant to amoxicillin. Resistance to two or more antibiotics was observed in all strains tested. 4. The results indicate that both domestic and free-living pigeons are reservoirs for bacteria of the genus Campylobacter, which are characterised by varied and growing resistance to commonly used antibiotics.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Bird Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Bird Diseases / microbiology
  • Campylobacter / classification
  • Campylobacter / drug effects*
  • Campylobacter / isolation & purification
  • Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology
  • Campylobacter Infections / microbiology
  • Campylobacter Infections / veterinary*
  • Columbidae*
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial*
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / veterinary
  • Poland / epidemiology

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents