The guidelines of the Food and Drug Administration and International Conference on Harmonization have highlighted the importance of drug metabolites in clinical trials. As a result, an authentic source for their production is of great interest, both for their potential application as analytical standards and for required toxicological testing. Since we have previously shown promising biotechnological potential of cytochromes P450 from the soil bacterium Sorangium cellulosum So ce56, herein we investigated the CYP267 family and its application for the conversion of commercially available drugs including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and antihypotensive drugs. The CYP267 family, especially CYP267B1, revealed the interesting ability to convert a broad range of substrates. We established substrate-dependent extraction protocols and also optimized the reaction conditions for the in vitro experiments and Escherichia coli-based whole-cell bioconversions. We were able to detect activity of CYP267A1 toward seven out of 22 drugs and the ability of CYP267B1 to convert 14 out of 22 drugs. Moderate to high conversions (up to 85% yield) were observed in our established whole-cell system using CYP267B1 and expressing the autologous redox partners, ferredoxin 8 and ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase B. With our existing setup, we present a system capable of producing reasonable quantities of the human drug metabolites 4'-hydroxydiclofenac, 2-hydroxyibuprofen, and omeprazole sulfone. Due to the great potential of converting a broad range of substrates, wild-type CYP267B1 offers a wide scope for the screening of further substrates, which will draw further attention to future biotechnological usage of CYP267B1 from S. cellulosum So ce56.
Copyright © 2016 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.