Chromosome replication, gene expression and chromatin assembly all occur on the same template, necessitating a tight spatial and temporal coordination to maintain genomic stability. The distribution of replication initiation events is responsive to local and global changes in chromatin structure and is affected by transcriptional activity. Concomitantly, replication origin sequences, which determine the locations of replication initiation events, can affect chromatin structure and modulate transcriptional efficiency. The flexibility observed in the replication initiation landscape might help achieve complete and accurate genome duplication while coordinating the DNA replication program with transcription and other nuclear processes in a cell-type specific manner. This review discusses the relationships among replication origin distribution, local and global chromatin structures and concomitant nuclear metabolic processes.
Published by Elsevier Ltd.