Preclinical Research A series of mono-carbonyl curcumin analogs with different substituents at the 4/4'-position of the phenyl group were synthesized and screened for in vitro cytotoxicity against a panel of human cancer cell lines using a methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. Several of the curcumin analogs, especially B114, exhibited a wide-spectrum of anti-tumor properties in all tested cell lines, indicating their potential in as anti-cancer lead compounds. Further toxicity testing in the NRK-52E kidney cell line revealed that the analogs A111, A113, and B114 had comparable or higher safety than curcumin. These data suggested that the introduction of appropriate substituents in the 4/4'-positions could be a promising approach for curcumin-based drug design.
Keywords: anti-tumor activity; monocarbonyl curcumin analogs; synthesis.
© 2016 The Authors Drug Development Research Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.