Objective: To investigate the association of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) slopes before dialysis initiation with cause-specific mortality after dialysis initiation.
Patients and methods: In this retrospective cohort study of 18,874 US veterans who had transitioned to dialysis from October 1, 2007, through September 30, 2011, we examined the association of pre-end-stage renal disease (ESRD) eGFR slopes with all-cause, cardiovascular, and infection-related mortality during the post-ESRD period over a median follow-up of 2.0 years (interquartile range, 1.1-3.2 years). Associations were examined using Cox models with adjustment for potential confounders.
Results: Before the 18,874 patients transitioned to dialysis, 4485 (23.8%), 5633 (29.8%), and 7942 (42.1%) experienced fast, moderate, and slow eGFR decline, respectively, and 814 (4.3%) had increasing eGFR (defined as eGFR slopes of less than -10, -10 to less than -5, -5 to <0, and ≥0 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) per year). During the study period, a total of 9744 all-cause, 2702 cardiovascular, and 604 infection-related deaths were observed. Compared with patients with slow eGFR decline, those with moderate and fast eGFR decline had a higher risk of all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.06; 95% CI, 1.00-1.11; and HR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.04-1.18, respectively) and cardiovascular mortality (HR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.01-1.23 and HR, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.00-1.27, respectively). In contrast, increasing eGFR was only associated with higher infection-related mortality (HR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.03-2.17).
Conclusion: Rapid eGFR decline is associated with higher all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, and increasing eGFR is associated with higher infection-related mortality among incident dialysis cases.
Copyright © 2016 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.