Implementing an Integrated Health Protection/Health Promotion Intervention in the Hospital Setting: Lessons Learned From the Be Well, Work Well Study

J Occup Environ Med. 2016 Feb;58(2):185-94. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000592.


Objective: This study reports findings from a proof-of-concept trial designed to examine the feasibility and estimates the efficacy of the "Be Well, Work Well" workplace intervention.

Methods: The intervention included consultation for nurse managers to implement changes on patient-care units and educational programming for patient-care staff to facilitate improvements in safety and health behaviors. We used a mixed-methods approach to evaluate feasibility and efficacy.

Results: Using findings from process tracking and qualitative research, we observed challenges to implementing the intervention due to the physical demands, time constraints, and psychological strains of patient care. Using survey data, we found no significant intervention effects.

Conclusions: Beyond educating individual workers, systemwide initiatives that respond to conditions of work might be needed to transform the workplace culture and broader milieu in support of worker health and safety.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Boston
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration
  • Hospitals, Teaching*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Health / statistics & numerical data*
  • Occupational Health Services / methods*
  • Occupational Health Services / organization & administration
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Personnel, Hospital*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Qualitative Research