Episodic feeling-of-knowing relies on noncriterial recollection and familiarity: Evidence using an online remember-know procedure

Conscious Cogn. 2016 Apr:41:31-40. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2016.01.011. Epub 2016 Feb 5.


We examined the hypothesis that feeling-of-knowing judgments rely on recollection as well as on familiarity prompted by the cue presentation. A remember-know-no memory procedure was combined with the episodic FOK procedure employing a cue-target pair memory task. The magnitude of FOK judgments and FOK accuracy were examined as a function of recollection, familiarity, or the "no memory" option. Results showed that the proportion of R and K responses was similar. FOK accuracy and magnitude of FOK judgments were higher for R and K responses than for N responses. FOK accuracy related to R and K responses were above chance level, but FOK was not accurate in the "no memory" condition. Finally, both FOK magnitude and FOK accuracy were related more to recollection than to familiarity. These results support the hypothesis that both recollection and familiarity are determinants of the FOK process, although they suggest that recollection has a stronger influence.

Keywords: Familiarity; Feeling of knowing; Noncriterial recollection; Remember-know judgments.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Recall / physiology*
  • Recognition, Psychology / physiology*