Two common polymorphisms in APOL1 (G1 and G2) are conserved in persons of African ancestry, and the presence of two polymorphisms (commonly referred to as risk variants) has been identified as a risk factor for chronic kidney disease and focal seg-mental glomerulosclerosis. In kidney transplantation, deceased donors with two APOL1 risk variants carry an increased risk of renal allograft failure in the recipient. An emerging question is whether these data should influence deceased donor assessment or be used to refine prediction of allograft survival. We present the first detailed report of two cases of recipient glomerular disease in the first year following transplant from a deceased donor later defined as carrying two APOL1 risk variants. A possible "second hit" predisposing to renal disease in these recipients is discussed, one with active cytomegalovirus infection concurrent with collapsing glomerulopathy and renal failure and the other with chronic, slowly healing wound infection and focal segmental glomeru-losclerosis but stable renal function. In retrospect, awareness of the donor APOL1 risk alleles would not have influenced donor selection and ultimately did not influence posttransplant management. These case reports inform further discussion of the value of APOL1 testing for deceased donors.
© Copyright 2016 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.