Aim: Several factors influence the outcome after acute ischemic stroke secondary to proximal occlusions of cerebral vessels. Among others, noneligibility for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and incomplete revascularization have been identified as predictors of unfavorable outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate whether concomitant IVT influences the revascularization efficacy in mechanical thrombectomy (MT).
Methods: This study conducted a retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients presenting with an anterior circulation stroke due to large-artery occlusion with imaging evidence who were treated with MT between July 2012 and December 2013 at 2 high-volume stroke centers. Imaging data were regraded and re-evaluated according to the modified Treatment in Cerebral Ischemia scale and its respective vessel occlusion site definitions. Clinical end points included National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and modified Rankin Scale; imaging and procedural measures were technical end points.
Results: We identified 93 patients who presented with an occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA): of these patients, 66 (71%) received IVT. We did not find statistically significant differences in the baseline NIHSS score, time from symptom onset to groin puncture, and age when comparing the IVT group with the non-IVT group. The rate of successful recanalizations (modified Treatment in Cerebral Ischemia score ≥ 2b) was significantly higher in patients with MCA occlusion and concomitant IVT (P = .01). Stepwise logistic regression identified IVT and thrombus length as predictive factors for successful mechanical recanalization (P = .004, P = .002).
Conclusion: IVT and thrombus length are predictive factors for a successful recanalization in MT for acute ischemic stroke with underlying MCA occlusion.
Keywords: Stroke; endovascular therapy; intravenous thrombolysis; mechanical thrombectomy; recanalization; stent retriever.
Copyright © 2016 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.