Next-generation sequencing-based molecular diagnosis of 12 inherited retinal disease probands of Uyghur ethnicity

Sci Rep. 2016 Feb 9;6:21384. doi: 10.1038/srep21384.

Abstract

Inherited retinal disease (IRD) is a category of genetic disorders affecting retina. Understanding the molecular basis of IRD is vital for clinical and genetic classification of patients. Uyghur people is an isolated ethnic group mainly residing in northwestern China with genetic admixture from Europeans and East Asians. The genetic etiology of IRD in this specific population still remains unknown. Here, by next-generation sequencing (NGS), we screened mutations in over 200 known retinal disease genes in a cohort of 12 unrelated Uyghur IRD probands. Out of the 12 probands, six are solved with high confidence, two with low confidence, while the remaining four are unsolved. We identified known disease-causing alleles in this cohort that suggest ancient Uyghur migration and also discovered eight novel disease-associated variants. Our results showed NGS-based mutation screening as a reliable approach for molecular diagnosis. In addition, this approach can also be applied to reveal the genetic history of a specific ethnic group.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group* / ethnology
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group* / genetics
  • China / ethnology
  • Female
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn* / diagnosis
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn* / ethnology
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn* / genetics
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Retinal Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Retinal Diseases* / etiology
  • Retinal Diseases* / genetics