Modern assessment of tonsils and adenoids

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1989 Dec;36(6):1551-69. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)36806-7.


Modern assessment of the tonsils and adenoids is based on an appreciation of new concepts pertaining to the pathogenesis of tonsil and adenoid disease. Recognition of the emergence of beta-lactamase-producing and encapsulated anaerobic bacteria in the tonsils and adenoids should lead to a reconsideration of present therapeutic recommendations for antibiotic therapy in infectious tonsil and adenoid disease. The performance of a precise history, use of a standardized physical examination, and judicious use of laboratory evaluation are all necessary for appropriate patient management and improved communication between the pediatrician and otolaryngologist. Thus, appropriate recommendation for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy will enhance their benefits, and the result will be happier and healthier children.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenoids* / anatomy & histology
  • Adenoids* / immunology
  • Adenoids* / microbiology
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia
  • Palatine Tonsil* / anatomy & histology
  • Palatine Tonsil* / immunology
  • Palatine Tonsil* / microbiology
  • Pharyngeal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Pharyngeal Diseases / etiology
  • Pharyngeal Diseases / therapy
  • Tonsillitis / etiology
  • Tonsillitis / therapy