Mammalian Cells Lacking Either the Cotranslational or Posttranslocational Oligosaccharyltransferase Complex Display Substrate-Dependent Defects in Asparagine Linked Glycosylation

Sci Rep. 2016 Feb 11;6:20946. doi: 10.1038/srep20946.

Abstract

Asparagine linked glycosylation of proteins is an essential protein modification reaction in most eukaryotic organisms. Metazoan organisms express two oligosaccharyltransferase complexes that are composed of a catalytic subunit (STT3A or STT3B) assembled with a shared set of accessory subunits and one to two complex specific subunits. siRNA mediated knockdowns of STT3A and STT3B in HeLa cells have shown that the two OST complexes have partially non-overlapping roles in N-linked glycosylation. However, incomplete siRNA mediated depletion of STT3A or STT3B reduces the impact of OST complex loss, thereby complicating the interpretation of experimental results. Here, we have used the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology to create viable HEK293 derived cells lines that are deficient for a single catalytic subunit (STT3A or STT3B) or two STT3B-specific accessory subunits (MagT1 and TUSC3). Analysis of protein glycosylation in the STT3A, STT3B and MagT1/TUSC3 null cell lines revealed that these cell lines are superior tools for investigating the in vivo role and substrate preferences of the STT3A and STT3B complexes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Asparagine / metabolism*
  • Base Sequence
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems
  • Cation Transport Proteins / deficiency
  • Cation Transport Proteins / genetics*
  • Cell Line
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Glycosylation
  • HEK293 Cells
  • HeLa Cells
  • Hexosyltransferases / deficiency
  • Hexosyltransferases / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / deficiency
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Plasmids / chemistry
  • Plasmids / metabolism
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational*
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / deficiency
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics*

Substances

  • Cation Transport Proteins
  • MagT1 protein, human
  • Membrane Proteins
  • N33 protein, human
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Asparagine
  • Hexosyltransferases
  • STT3A protein, human
  • STT3B protein, human