SCA28: Novel Mutation in the AFG3L2 Proteolytic Domain Causes a Mild Cerebellar Syndrome with Selective Type-1 Muscle Fiber Atrophy

Cerebellum. 2017 Feb;16(1):62-67. doi: 10.1007/s12311-016-0765-1.


The spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) are a group of rare inherited neurodegenerative diseases characterized by slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia, resulting in unsteady gait, clumsiness, and dysarthria. The disorders are predominantly inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Mutations in the gene AFG3L2 that encodes a subunit of the mitochondrial m-AAA protease have previously been shown to cause spinocerebellar ataxia type 28 (SCA28). Here, we present the clinical phenotypes of three patients from a family with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia and show by molecular genetics and in silico modelling that this is caused by a novel missense mutation in the AFG3L2 gene. Furthermore, we show, for the first time, fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) scans of the brain and selective type I fiber atrophy of skeletal muscle of SCA28 patients indicating non-nervous-system involvement in SCA28 as well.

Keywords: ADCA; AGF3L2; FDG-PET; Muscle; SCA; SCA28.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Dependent Proteases / genetics*
  • ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cerebellar Ataxia / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebellar Ataxia / genetics*
  • Cerebellar Ataxia / metabolism
  • Cerebellar Ataxia / pathology*
  • Family
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Fibers, Slow-Twitch / pathology*
  • Mutation, Missense*
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Domains


  • ATP-Dependent Proteases
  • AFG3L2 protein, human
  • ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities