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. 2016 Jan 21;6:26-9.
doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2016.01.018. eCollection 2016 Mar.

Colorectal Cancer Survival in Jamaica

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Free PMC article

Colorectal Cancer Survival in Jamaica

Joseph M Plummer et al. Ann Med Surg (Lond). .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Objective: To determine the intermediate and long-term survival of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) and to determine factors that affect survival.

Method: Patients were identified from a prospectively maintained colonoscopy database. All patients who underwent colonoscopy during the period January 2008 to December 2012 and had histologically confirmed invasive carcinoma were included. These patients were contacted at the end of 2013 to determine their survival status. In addition to demographics, variables analyzed included presenting complaint and tumor site and stage at presentation.

Results: Of 1757 patients being subjected to colonoscopy, 118 had endoscopic and histologic documentation of invasive CRC. Of these the survival status of 102 was determined as of December 2013 and they formed the basis of our study. The mean age of the group was 62 years with approximately 20% of the group being age 50 years or younger. Females (54%) slightly outnumbered males. Anemia or overt rectal bleeding was a dominant indication (44%) and 65% of the tumours were left sided. There were 58 (57%) deaths and the median overall survival time was two years post diagnosis. Log rank tests for equality of survivorship looking at age, gender, tumor site and presentation revealed that only presenting complaint was a predictor of survivorship (p < 0.001). Patients presenting with bleeding or anemia have the best survival.

Conclusions: Long-term survival from colorectal cancer remains poor with only about 33% of patients being alive five years after their diagnosis.

Keywords: CRC survival; Jamaica; Poor outcome.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Kaplan–Meier survival estimate for entire sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
a: Kaplan_Meier survival estimate for stage of cancer at diagnosis. b: Kaplan_Meier survival estimate for presenting complaint.

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