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Rosa Damascena as Holy Ancient Herb With Novel Applications

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Review

Rosa Damascena as Holy Ancient Herb With Novel Applications

Mohaddese Mahboubi. J Tradit Complement Med.

Abstract

Rosa damascena as an ornamental plant is commonly known as "Gole Mohammadi" in Iran. Iranian people have been called this plant, the flower of Prophet "Mohammad". R. damascena is traditionally used for treatment of abdominal and chest pains, strengthening the heart, menstrual bleeding, digestive problems and constipation. This paper reviews the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and pharmaceutical investigations on R. damascena. All relevant databases and local books on ethnopharmacology of R. damascena were probed without limitation up to 31st March 2015 and the results of these studies were collected and reviewed. R. damascena has an important position in Iranian traditional medicine. It is economically a valuable plant with therapeutic applications in modern medicine. The antimicrobial, antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and anti-depressant properties of R. damascena have been confirmed. Citronellol and geraniol as the main components of R. damascena essential oil are responsible for pharmacological activities. Overall, R. damascena as holy ancient plant with modern pharmacological investigations should be more investigated as traditional uses in large preclinical and clinical studies.

Keywords: Chemical composition; Gol-E-Mohammadi; Pharmaceutical application; Rosa damascena; Traditional.

Figures

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Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Rosa damascena flowers, buds and leaves.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Some Iranian products from Rosa damascena.

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