The complete nucleotide (nt) sequence of the PUT4 gene, whose product is required for high-affinity proline active transport in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is presented. The sequence contains a single long open reading frame of 1881 nt, encoding a polypeptide with a calculated Mr of 68,795. The predicted protein is strongly hydrophobic and exhibits six potential glycosylation sites. Its hydropathy profile suggests the presence of twelve membrane-spanning regions flanked by hydrophilic N- and C-terminal domains. The N terminus does not resemble signal sequences found in secreted proteins. These features are characteristic of integral membrane proteins catalyzing translocation of ligands across cellular membranes. Protein sequence comparisons indicate strong resemblance to the arginine and histidine permeases of S. cerevisiae, but no marked sequence similarity to the proline permease of Escherichia coli or to other known prokaryotic or eukaryotic transport proteins. The strong similarity between the three yeast amino acid permeases suggests a common ancestor for the three proteins.