Do we manage incontinence in children and adults with special needs adequately? ICI-RS 2014

Neurourol Urodyn. 2016 Feb;35(2):304-6. doi: 10.1002/nau.22823.


Aims: To review studies on the associations of incontinence and special needs in children and adults and to outline future directions in research and clinical care.

Materials and methods: A review of literature was conducted. Open questions and future directions were discussed during the ICI-RS meeting in 2014.

Results: Special needs comprise a wide variety of conditions and disabilities. Individuals with special needs carry a greater risk for all types of incontinence. There is a high tendency for incontinence to persist from childhood into adulthood. Many people do not receive adequate medical care for their incontinence.

Conclusions: More detailed research is needed, especially in the adult population with special needs. Assessment and treatment of incontinence should be offered routinely to all those with special needs.

Keywords: ICI-RS; daytime urinary incontinence; faecal incontinence; intellectual disability; neurodevelopmental disorders; nocturnal enuresis; special needs.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Congresses as Topic
  • Delivery of Health Care*
  • Disabled Children*
  • Disabled Persons*
  • Fecal Incontinence / diagnosis
  • Fecal Incontinence / physiopathology
  • Fecal Incontinence / psychology
  • Fecal Incontinence / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Transition to Adult Care
  • Urinary Incontinence / diagnosis
  • Urinary Incontinence / physiopathology
  • Urinary Incontinence / psychology
  • Urinary Incontinence / therapy*
  • Young Adult