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, 91 (1-2), 161-77

A Residue Substitution in the Plastid Ribosomal Protein L12/AL1 Produces Defective Plastid Ribosome and Causes Early Seedling Lethality in Rice

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A Residue Substitution in the Plastid Ribosomal Protein L12/AL1 Produces Defective Plastid Ribosome and Causes Early Seedling Lethality in Rice

Dong-Sheng Zhao et al. Plant Mol Biol.

Abstract

The plastid ribosome is essential for chloroplast biogenesis as well as seedling formation. As the plastid ribosome closely resembles the prokaryotic 70S ribosome, many plastid ribosomal proteins (PRPs) have been identified in higher plants. However, their assembly in the chloroplast ribosome in rice remains unclear. In the present study, we identified a novel rice mutant, albino lethal 1 (al1), from a chromosome segment substitution line population. The al1 mutant displayed an albino phenotype at the seedling stage and did not survive past the three-leaf stage. No other apparent differences in plant morphology were observed in the al1 mutant. The albino phenotype of the al1 mutant was associated with decreased chlorophyll content and abnormal chloroplast morphology. Using fine mapping, AL1 was shown to encode the PRPL12, a protein localized in the chloroplasts of rice, and a spontaneous single-nucleotide mutation (C/T), resulting in a residue substitution from leucine in AL1 to phenylalanine in al1, was found to be responsible for the early seedling lethality. This point mutation is located at the L10 interface feature of the L12/AL1 protein. Yeast two-hybrid analysis showed that there was no physical interaction between al1 and PRPL10. In addition, the mutation had little effect on the transcript abundance of al1, but had a remarkable effect on the protein abundance of al1 and transcript abundance of chloroplast biogenesis-related and photosynthesis-related genes. These results provide a first glimpse into the molecular details of L12's function in rice.

Keywords: AL1 gene; Chloroplast biology; Genome mapping and analysis; Photosynthesis; Plastid ribosomal protein; Rice.

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