The aim of study is to develop a high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to investigate the pharmacokinetic interaction of Epimedium extract on the dapoxetine in rats. Experimental rats were divided into the following four parallel groups: (1) dapoxetine alone (10mg/kg, i.v.); (2) oral administration of Epimedium extract (2g/kg) for 3 consecutive days and on the fourth day dapoxetine was administered (10mg/kg, i.v.); (3) dapoxetine alone (10mg/kg, p.o.); (4) oral administration of Epimedium extract (2g/kg) for 3 consecutive days and on the fourth day dapoxetine was administered (10mg/kg, p.o.). The calibration curves of dapoxetine were acquired over a concentration ranges from 1 to 500ng/mL with the R(2)=0.999. The mean matrix effects and extraction recoveries of dapoxetine at three different concentrations (1, 10, 500ng/mL) ranged from 107.3 to 110.9% and from 25.5 to 28.2% respectively. The interday and intraday relative standard deviation were both <6% while the bias were both <14%. The pharmacokinetic results demonstrated that pretreated with/without Epimedium extract for three consecutive days did not significant alter the pharmacokinetics of dapoxetine in rats. The oral bioavailability of dapoxetine was about 75% in rats.
Keywords: Dapoxetine; Epimedium sagittatum extract; Herbal drug interaction; Pharmacokinetics; Traditional Chinese medicine.
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