Children Hospitalized with Rhinovirus Bronchiolitis Have Asthma-Like Characteristics

J Pediatr. 2016 May;172:202-204.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.01.041. Epub 2016 Feb 11.


Children with bronchiolitis often are considered a homogeneous group. However, in a multicenter, prospective study of 2207 young children hospitalized for bronchiolitis, we found that children with respiratory syncytial virus detected differ from those with rhinovirus detected; the latter patients resemble older children with asthma, including more frequent treatment with corticosteroids.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Asthma / diagnosis*
  • Bronchiolitis, Viral / diagnosis*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Picornaviridae Infections / diagnosis*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections / diagnosis*
  • Respiratory Syncytial Viruses
  • Rhinovirus