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. 2016 May;65(5):367-87.
doi: 10.1007/s00011-016-0922-5. Epub 2016 Feb 13.

Contribution of PPARα/β/γ, AP-1, importin-α3, and RXRα to the Protective Effect of 5,14-HEDGE, a 20-HETE Mimetic, Against Hypotension, Tachycardia, and Inflammation in a Rat Model of Septic Shock

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Contribution of PPARα/β/γ, AP-1, importin-α3, and RXRα to the Protective Effect of 5,14-HEDGE, a 20-HETE Mimetic, Against Hypotension, Tachycardia, and Inflammation in a Rat Model of Septic Shock

Sefika Pinar Senol et al. Inflamm Res. .

Abstract

Objectives: We have previously demonstrated that downregulation of the MyD88/TAK1-dependent signaling pathway associated with increased CYP4A1 expression and 20-HETE formation participates in the protective effect of N-(20-hydroxyeicosa-5[Z],14[Z]-dienoyl)glycine (5,14-HEDGE), a 20-HETE mimetic, against vascular hyporeactivity, hypotension, tachycardia, inflammation, and mortality in a rodent model of septic shock. The aim of this study was to determine whether increased renal and cardiovascular expression of PPARα/β/γ and RXRα associated with decreased expression and/or activity of AP-1 and importin-α3 participates in the protective effect of 5,14-HEDGE in response to systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS).

Methods: Conscious male Wistar rats received saline (4 ml/kg) or LPS (10 mg/kg) at time 0. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured using a tail-cuff device. Separate groups of LPS-treated rats were given 5,14-HEDGE (30 mg/kg) 1 h after injection of saline or LPS. The rats were killed 4 h after saline or LPS administration and the kidney, heart, thoracic aorta, and superior mesenteric artery were collected for measurement of protein expression.

Results: Blood pressure fell by 33 mmHg and heart rate rose by 72 beats/min at 4 h after LPS administration. In LPS-treated rats, tissue protein expressions of cytosolic/nuclear PPARα/β/γ and nuclear RXRα, in addition to nuclear translocation of PPARα/β/γ proteins, were decreased, while cytosolic/nuclear AP-1 subunit c-jun/phosphorylated c-jun and importin-α3 protein expression as well as their nuclear translocation were increased. The LPS-induced changes were prevented by 5,14-HEDGE.

Conclusions: The results suggest that an increase in the expression of PPARα/β/γ and RXRα as well as a decrease in AP-1 and importin-α3 expression/activity participates in the protective effect of 5,14-HEDGE against hypotension, tachycardia, and inflammation during endotoxemia and thus have a beneficial effect in septic shock treatment.

Keywords: AP-1; Endotoxin; Importin-α3; PPARα/β/γ; RXRα; Septic shock.

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