Regulation of plant reactive oxygen species (ROS) in stress responses: learning from AtRBOHD

Plant Cell Rep. 2016 May;35(5):995-1007. doi: 10.1007/s00299-016-1950-x. Epub 2016 Feb 16.


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are constantly produced in plants, as the metabolic by-products or as the signaling components in stress responses. High levels of ROS are harmful to plants. In contrast, ROS play important roles in plant physiology, including abiotic and biotic tolerance, development, and cellular signaling. Therefore, ROS production needs to be tightly regulated to balance their function. Respiratory burst oxidase homologue (RBOH) proteins, also known as plant nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidases, are well studied enzymatic ROS-generating systems in plants. The regulatory mechanisms of RBOH-dependent ROS production in stress responses have been intensively studied. This has greatly advanced our knowledge of the mechanisms that regulate plant ROS production. This review attempts to integrate the regulatory mechanisms of RBOHD-dependent ROS production by discussing the recent advance. AtRBOHD-dependent ROS production could provide a valuable reference for studying ROS production in plant stress responses.

Keywords: Abiotic stress; CDPK; Endocytosis; MAPK; NADPH oxidases; Plant immunity; Reactive oxygen species.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / physiology*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant*
  • NADPH Oxidases / genetics
  • NADPH Oxidases / metabolism*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Stress, Physiological


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • respiratory burst oxidase homolog D, Arabidopsis
  • NADPH Oxidases