TB control: challenges and opportunities for India

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Mar;110(3):158-60. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trw003.


India's TB control programme has treated over 19 million patients, but the incidence of TB continues to be high. TB is a major killer and drug-resistant TB is a growing threat. There are several likely reasons, including social conditions and co-morbidities that fuel the TB epidemic: under-investment by the government, weak programme implementation and management, suboptimal quality of care in the private sector, and insufficient advocacy around TB. Fortunately, India possesses the technical know-how, competence and resources to address these challenges. The End TB Strategy by WHO offers India an excellent blueprint to advance the agenda of TB control.

Keywords: India; TB control; Tuberculosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use
  • Delivery of Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Disease Eradication / organization & administration*
  • Health Services Accessibility / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • India / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / prevention & control*
  • World Health Organization


  • Antitubercular Agents