Purpose: Alisertib is an oral Aurora A kinase inhibitor with preclinical activity in neuroblastoma. Irinotecan and temozolomide have activity in patients with advanced neuroblastoma. The goal of this phase I study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of alisertib with irinotecan and temozolomide in this population.
Patients and methods: Patients age 1 to 30 years with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma were eligible. Patients received alisertib tablets at dose levels of 45, 60, and 80 mg/m(2) per day on days 1 to 7 along with irinotecan 50 mg/m(2) intravenously and temozolomide 100 mg/m(2) orally on days 1 to 5. Dose escalation of alisertib followed the rolling six design. Samples for pharmacokinetic and pharmacogenomic testing were obtained.
Results: Twenty-three patients enrolled, and 22 were eligible and evaluable for dose escalation. A total of 244 courses were administered. The MTD for alisertib was 60 mg/m(2), with mandatory myeloid growth factor support and cephalosporin prophylaxis for diarrhea. Thrombocytopenia and neutropenia of any grade were seen in the majority of courses (84% and 69%, respectively). Diarrhea in 55% of courses and nausea in 54% of courses were the most common nonhematologic toxicities. The overall response rate was 31.8%, with a 50% response rate observed at the MTD. The median number of courses per patient was eight (range, two to 32). Progression-free survival rate at 2 years was 52.4%. Pharmacokinetic testing did not show evidence of drug-drug interaction between irinotecan and alisertib.
Conclusion: Alisertib 60 mg/m(2) per dose for 7 days is tolerable with a standard irinotecan and temozolomide backbone and has promising response and progression-free survival rates. A phase II trial of this regimen is ongoing.
© 2016 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.