Maximum Spreading of Liquid Drops Impacting on Groove-Textured Surfaces: Effect of Surface Texture

Langmuir. 2016 Mar 15;32(10):2399-409. doi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b04639. Epub 2016 Mar 1.


Maximum spreading of liquid drops impacting on solid surfaces textured with unidirectional parallel grooves is studied for drop Weber number in the range 1-100 focusing on the role of texture geometry and wettability. The maximum spread factor of impacting drops measured perpendicular to grooves, βm,⊥ is seen to be less than that measured parallel to grooves, βm,∥. The difference between βm,⊥ and βm,∥ increases with drop impact velocity. This deviation of βm,⊥ from βm,∥ is analyzed by considering the possible mechanisms, corresponding to experimental observations-(1) impregnation of drop into the grooves, (2) convex shape of liquid-vapor interface near contact line at maximum spreading, and (3) contact line pinning of spreading drop at the pillar edges-by incorporating them into an energy conservation-based model. The analysis reveals that contact line pinning offers a physically meaningful justification of the observed deviation of βm,⊥ from βm,∥ compared to other possible candidates. A unified model, incorporating all the above-mentioned mechanisms, is formulated, which predicts βm,⊥ on several groove-textured surfaces made of intrinsically hydrophilic and hydrophobic materials with an average error of 8.3%. The effect of groove-texture geometrical parameters on maximum drop spreading is explained using this unified model. A special case of the unified model, with contact line pinning absent, predicts βm,∥ with an average error of 6.3%.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't