Comparison of Individual and Area Level Factors Between HIV-Infected Cisgender and Transgender Individuals in Florida (2006-2014)

AIDS Behav. 2016 Oct;20(10):2186-2191. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1308-y.


This descriptive study compares individual- and area-level factors among HIV-infected transgender and cisgender individuals in Florida using data from the Florida Department of Health HIV/AIDS surveillance system (2006-2014). Of those individuals diagnosed with HIV, 7 (0.01 %) identified as transgender males, 142 (0.3 %) as transgender females, 12,497 (25.7 %) as cisgender females, and 35,936 (74.0 %) as cisgender males. Transgender females resided in rural and urban areas, were disproportionately non-Hispanic black, and were more likely than cisgender women to be diagnosed with AIDS within 3 months of their HIV diagnosis. Results suggest HIV screening and outreach efforts should be enhanced for transgender women.

Keywords: Gender identity; HIV/AIDS; Transgender; Vulnerable populations.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Florida / epidemiology
  • Gender Identity*
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis*
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Rural Population
  • Sexual Behavior*
  • Social Determinants of Health
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Transgender Persons / statistics & numerical data*
  • Urban Population