The Wisconsin epidemiological study of diabetic retinopathy: a review

Diabetes Metab Rev. 1989 Nov;5(7):559-70. doi: 10.1002/dmr.5610050703.


The WESDR has provided precise estimates of the prevalence, and 4-year incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy. It has provided evidence of a possible causal relationship between specific risk factors, such as hyperglycemia and the development and progression of retinopathy. Our data support current recommendations for ophthalmologic examinations for people with diabetes. In 1990 we will reexamine the cohort to determine the 10-year incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy, macular edema, and visual impairment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / classification
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / diagnosis
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Wisconsin