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Review
, 100 (7), 2993-3007

Application of Microorganisms in Concrete: A Promising Sustainable Strategy to Improve Concrete Durability

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Review

Application of Microorganisms in Concrete: A Promising Sustainable Strategy to Improve Concrete Durability

Jianyun Wang et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol.

Abstract

The beneficial effect of microbially induced carbonate precipitation on building materials has been gradually disclosed in the last decade. After the first applications of on historical stones, promising results were obtained with the respect of improved durability. An extensive study then followed on the application of this environmentally friendly and compatible material on a currently widely used construction material, concrete. This review is focused on the discussion of the impact of the two main applications, bacterial surface treatment and bacteria based crack repair, on concrete durability. Special attention was paid to the choice of suitable bacteria and the metabolic pathway aiming at their functionality in concrete environment. Interactions between bacterial cells and cementitious matrix were also elaborated. Furthermore, recommendations to improve the effectiveness of bacterial treatment are provided. Limitations of current studies, updated applications and future application perspectives are shortly outlined.

Keywords: Bacteria; Bacterial-induced CaCO3 precipitation; Crack repair; Self-healing; Surface protection.

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