Nutritional Therapy

Prim Care. 2016 Mar;43(1):69-81, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2015.08.012. Epub 2016 Jan 12.


This article provides the reader with steps needed to accurately assess patient nutrition behaviors that contribute to weight gain, inability to lose weight, or inability to sustain weight loss. Evidence-based approaches in nutrition therapy that can create the daily energy deficit needed to produce 1/2 to 2 pounds of weight loss per week, and the strategies to create the energy deficit, are presented. To optimize health, long-term weight loss maintenance is needed. The benefits of using a multidisciplinary team approach in treating obesity are highlighted.

Keywords: Diet; Energy deficit; Fad diets; Food; Healthy eating; Macronutrients; Meal replacements; Nutrition therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bariatric Surgery
  • Comorbidity
  • Exercise
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Obesity / diet therapy*
  • Obesity / surgery
  • Primary Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Weight Loss