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Review
, 54 (2), 235-49

Imaging Complications of Renal Transplantation

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Review

Imaging Complications of Renal Transplantation

Courtney Coursey Moreno et al. Radiol Clin North Am.

Abstract

Renal transplant complications are categorized as those related to the transplant vasculature, collecting system, perinephric space, renal parenchyma, and miscellaneous complications including posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder. Many of these renal transplant complications are diagnosed with imaging. Medical complications including rejection, acute tubular necrosis, and drug toxicity also can impair renal function. These medical complications are typically indistinguishable at imaging, and biopsy may be performed to establish a diagnosis. Normal transplant anatomy, imaging techniques, and the appearances of renal transplant complications at ultrasound, computed tomography, and MR imaging are reviewed.

Keywords: Collecting system injury; Complications of renal transplantation; Lymphocele; Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder; Renal artery stenosis; Renal transplantation; Renal vein thrombosis; Urinoma.

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