Flagellar membrane and paraxial rod proteins of Leishmania: characterization employing monoclonal antibodies

J Protozool. 1989 Nov-Dec;36(6):617-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.1989.tb01105.x.


Flagella-specific proteins of Leishmania have been identified employing the monoclonal antibody technique. Six monoclonal antibodies recognized 3 different proteins. A doublet of protein of Mr 69,000 and 74,000 Da identified by monoclonal antibodies F-3, F-4 and F-6 is continuously distributed along the flagellum by immunofluorescence. Immunocytochemical electron microscopic studies localize these molecules to the paraxial rod of the flagellum. A single protein of Mr 13,200 Da is recognized by monoclonal antibodies F-1, F-2 and F-5. The distribution of the Mr 13,200 protein appears irregular, occurring in localized patches along the length of the flagellum, especially at the flagellar tip. Immunocytochemical electron microscopic experiments show that the Mr 13,200 molecule is associated with the membrane of the flagellum. Indirect immunofluorescence experiments demonstrated these monoclonal antibodies cross-reacted with members of the Kinetoplastida family (Endotrypanum, trypanosoma, Leishmania) suggesting that these molecules may be evolutionarily conserved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Protozoan / immunology
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Autoradiography
  • Blotting, Western
  • Flagella / analysis*
  • Flagella / immunology
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Leishmania / analysis*
  • Leishmania / immunology
  • Leishmania / ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Protozoan Proteins / analysis*
  • Protozoan Proteins / immunology


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Protozoan
  • Protozoan Proteins