Knockdown of TMEM14A expression by RNAi inhibits the proliferation and invasion of human ovarian cancer cells

Biosci Rep. 2016 Feb 19;36(1):e00298. doi: 10.1042/BSR20150258. Print 2016.


Transmembrane protein 14A (TMEM14A) is a member of TMEMs. Alterations in TMEMs expression have been identified in several types of cancer, but the expression and function of TMEM14A in ovarian cancer is still unclear. Here, analysis on the expression data of the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma (OV) dataset demonstrated the overexpression of TMEM14A in ovarian cancer tissues compared with normal tissues, which was consistent with our real-time PCR analysis on ovarian cancer and normal tissues collected from 30 patients. In addition, TMEM14A knockdown in two ovarian cancer cell lines, A2780 and HO-8910, reduced cell proliferation, causes cell cycle arrest and suppressed cell invasion. Moreover, silencing of TMEM14A notably repressed G1/S cell cycle transition and cell invasion via down-regulating the expression of cell cycle related proteins (Cyclin D1, Cyclin E and PCNA) and metastasis-related proteins (MMP-2 and MMP-9), respectively. TMEM14A knockdown significantly reduced the phosphorylation status of Smad2 and Smad3, downstream effectors of TGF-β signalling. In summary, these results indicate that TMEM14A has a pro-tumorigenic effect in ovarian cancer cells, suggesting an important role of this protein in ovarian cancer oncogenesis and metastasis.

Keywords: TMEM14A; cell cycle; metastasis; ovarian cancer.

Publication types

  • Retracted Publication

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics


  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • TMEM14A protein, human