We present the case of a 77-year-old Japanese man diagnosed with lung squamous cell carcinoma with mediastinal lymph node metastasis. He was treated with induction chemoradiotherapy for T1bN2M0 stage IIIA disease. Considering his age, we selected S-1 as the chemotherapeutic drug. Observing an objective response with no severe adverse events, we performed a left upper lobectomy with sleeve resection of the pulmonary artery. No residual tumor cells were found in the resected specimens, and no critical complication was observed in the clinical course. This case suggests that induction chemoradiotherapy using S-1 combined with concurrent radiation followed by surgery can be a therapeutic option for elderly patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.