Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (the Apollo method): a new approach to obesity management

Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2016 Apr;108(4):201-6. doi: 10.17235/reed.2016.3988/2015.


Background: Many obese patients cannot lose weight or reject conventional obesity management. Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (the Apollo method) is a pioneering coadjuvant, interventionist technique for the integral management of obesity.

Objectives: The goals of this study were to report safety and efficacy results obtained at 6 months in patients undergoing endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty.

Material and methods: A prospective study was performed in 55 patients (13 males, 42 females) who were subjected to the Apollo technique; mean age was 43.5 years (range 25-60) and mean BMI was 37.7 kg/m2 (range 30-48). All received multidisciplinary follow-up for weight loss. Weight changes and presence of complications were assessed. Through the endoscope a triangular pattern suture is performed consisting of approximately 3-6 transmural (mucosa to serosa) stitches, using a cinch device to bring them nearer and form a plication.

Results: A total of 6-8 plications are used to provide a tubular or sleeve-shaped restriction to the gastric cavity. No major complications developed and patients were discharged at 24 hours following the procedure. Endoscopic and radiographic follow-up at 6 months post-procedure showed a well preserved tubular form to the stomach. After 6 months patients had lost 18.9 kg and 55.3% of excess weight.

Conclusions: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty, together with dietary and psycho-behavioral changes, is a safe, effective technique in the coadjuvant management of obese patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gastroplasty / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / surgery*
  • Obesity, Morbid / surgery
  • Prospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome