Driver crash risk factors and prevalence evaluation using naturalistic driving data

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 8;113(10):2636-41. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1513271113. Epub 2016 Feb 22.


The accurate evaluation of crash causal factors can provide fundamental information for effective transportation policy, vehicle design, and driver education. Naturalistic driving (ND) data collected with multiple onboard video cameras and sensors provide a unique opportunity to evaluate risk factors during the seconds leading up to a crash. This paper uses a National Academy of Sciences-sponsored ND dataset comprising 905 injurious and property damage crash events, the magnitude of which allows the first direct analysis (to our knowledge) of causal factors using crashes only. The results show that crash causation has shifted dramatically in recent years, with driver-related factors (i.e., error, impairment, fatigue, and distraction) present in almost 90% of crashes. The results also definitively show that distraction is detrimental to driver safety, with handheld electronic devices having high use rates and risk.

Keywords: crash risk; driver distraction; driver error; driver impairment; naturalistic driving.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Algorithms
  • Attention
  • Automobile Driving / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cities*
  • Databases, Factual / statistics & numerical data*
  • Fatigue
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Odds Ratio
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Stages
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • United States
  • Young Adult