Objectives: To assess the knowledge of health professionals attending patients with dual disorders about specific resources for patients with this condition in different Spanish regions.
Methods: Observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study to compare the perceptions of healthcare professionals (n=659) with reality regarding specific resources available for patients with dual disorders in Spain. The professionals completed an online questionnaire. Nineteen commissioners and managers responsible for national and regional substance abuse programs also completed the questionnaire.
Results: A representative sample of professionals from each community (553 centers in 235 Spanish cities) participated in the study. Most participants (93.2%) felt that specific resources for patients with dual disorders are needed. High percentages of professionals thought that there were no specific workshops (88.4%), subacute units (83.1%), day hospitals (82.8%), specific day centers (78.5%), or outpatient programs (73.2%) for patients with dual disorders. The real knowledge of professionals regarding the existence of specific resources varied according to the type of resource and autonomous community. The professionals generally underestimated the number of units available in their communities.
Conclusions: There were clear differences in the real knowledge that healthcare professionals had about the resources available for patients with dual disorders in relation to the autonomous community where they were practicing. Actions are needed to harmonize knowledge nationally, for example, a single registry, white paper, or a national program for patients with dual disorders.