Diet quality of Italian yogurt consumers: an application of the probability of adequate nutrient intake score (PANDiet)

Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2016;67(3):232-8. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2016.1150436. Epub 2016 Feb 24.


The diet quality in yogurt consumers and non-consumers was evaluated by applying the probability of adequate nutrient intake (PANDiet) index to a sample of adults and elderly from the Italian food consumption survey INRAN SCAI 2005-06. Overall, yogurt consumers had a significantly higher mean intake of energy, calcium and percentage of energy from total sugars whereas the mean percentage of energy from total fat, saturated fatty acid and total carbohydrate were significantly (p < 0.01) lower than in non-consumers. The PANDiet index was significantly higher in yogurt consumers than in non-consumers, (60.58 ± 0.33 vs. 58.58 ± 0.19, p < 0.001). The adequacy sub-score for 17 nutrients for which usual intake should be above the reference value was significantly higher among yogurt consumers. The items of calcium, potassium and riboflavin showed the major percentage variation between consumers and non-consumers. Yogurt consumers were more likely to have adequate intakes of vitamins and minerals, and a higher quality score of the diet.

Keywords: Dietary intake; PANDiet; diet quality; yogurt.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Consumer Behavior*
  • Data Collection
  • Diet / standards*
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Yogurt*