The Wireless Motility Capsule: a One-Stop Shop for the Evaluation of GI Motility Disorders

Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2016 Mar;18(3):14. doi: 10.1007/s11894-016-0489-x.


The wireless motility and pH capsule (WMC) provides an office-based test to simultaneously assess both regional and whole gut transit. Ingestion of this non-digestible capsule capable of measuring temperature, pH, and the pressure of its immediate surroundings allows for the measurement of gastric, small bowel, and colonic transit times in an ambulatory setting. Approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the evaluation of suspected conditions of delayed gastric emptying and the evaluation of colonic transit in chronic idiopathic constipation, WMC should be considered in suspected gastrointestinal motility disorders as it provides a single study capable of simultaneously assessing for regional, multiregional, or generalized motility disorders. Specific indications for testing with the WMC should include the evaluation of suspect cases of gastroparesis, small bowel dysmotility, and slow transit constipation, as well as symptom syndromes suggestive of a multiregional or generalized gastrointestinal transit delay.

Keywords: Colon transit time; Gastric emptying time; Gastroparesis; Small bowel transit time; Smartpill; Wireless motility capsule.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Capsule Endoscopy / adverse effects
  • Capsule Endoscopy / instrumentation
  • Capsule Endoscopy / methods*
  • Contraindications
  • Gastric Emptying / physiology
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / physiopathology
  • Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology*
  • Gastrointestinal Transit / physiology
  • Humans