Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale in migraine with aura, a randomized controlled trial

Eur Heart J. 2016 Jul 7;37(26):2029-36. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehw027. Epub 2016 Feb 22.


Aims: Migraine with aura and patent foramen ovale (PFO) are associated. The Percutaneous Closure of PFO in Migraine with Aura (PRIMA) trial is a multicentre, randomized trial to investigate the effect of percutaneous PFO closure in patients refractory to medical treatment.

Methods: Migraine with aura patients and PFO who were unresponsive to preventive medications were randomized to PFO closure or medical treatment. Both groups were given acetylsalicylic acid 75-100 mg/day for 6 months and clopidogrel 75 mg/day for 3 months. The primary endpoint was reduction in monthly migraine days during months 9-12 after randomization compared with a 3-month baseline phase before randomization. The committee reviewing the headache diaries were blinded to treatment assignment.

Results: One hundred and seven patients were randomly allocated to treatment with an Amplatzer PFO Occluder (N = 53) or control with medical management (N = 54). The trial was terminated prematurely because of slow enrolment. Eighty-three patients (40 occluder, 43 control) completed 12-month follow-up. Mean migraine days at baseline were 8 (±4.7 SD) in the closure group and 8.3 (±2.4) in controls. The primary endpoint was negative with -2.9 days after PFO closure vs. -1.7 days in control group (P = 0.17). Patent foramen ovale closure caused five adverse events without permanent sequelae.

Conclusion: In patients with refractory migraine with aura and PFO, PFO closure did not reduce overall monthly migraine days.

Trial registration: NCT00505570.

Keywords: Migraine; Migraine with aura; Patent foramen ovale; Patent foramen ovale closure.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Foramen Ovale, Patent*
  • Humans
  • Migraine Disorders*
  • Septal Occluder Device
  • Treatment Outcome

Associated data