Risk of prostate cancer in low-dose aspirin users: A retrospective cohort study

Int J Cancer. 2016 Jul 1;139(1):205-11. doi: 10.1002/ijc.30061. Epub 2016 Mar 15.


A growing body of evidence indicates that use of low-dose aspirin (LDA) reduces the risk of certain adenocarcinomas. While there are several and consistent findings on the protective effect of LDA on colorectal and other cancers, few and conflicting evidence is available on prostate cancer (PCa). The aim of this study was to assess whether LDA reduces the incidence rate of PCa. We conducted a nationwide, population-based, retrospective cohort study by using Health Search IMS Health Longitudinal Patient Database (HSD). Patients with ischemic cardio- or cerebrovascular disease (index date) were identified. Time-dependent multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were adopted to estimate Hazard Ratios (HRs) and related 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of PCa associated with use of LDA. The exposure was lagged by one year to consider the latency of drug effect on the outcome onset. Within a cohort 13,453 patients, the overall incidence rate of PCa was 2.5 per 1,000 person-years. Use of LDA was associated with a decreased incidence rate of PCa (HR = 0.64; 95% CI: 0.48-0.86), which was primarily driven by a frequency of LDA use equal to or higher than twice per week (HR = 0.60; 95% CI: 0.43-0.83). Such an association was more pronounced (HR = 0.43; 95% CI: 0.21-0.91) when LDA was used for five or more years. Our findings indicate that LDA use might be associated with a reduction of risk of PCa in patients with cardio- or cerebrovascular diseases.

Keywords: low-dose aspirin; prevention; prostate cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy*
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aspirin / administration & dosage*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / drug therapy
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / pathology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / drug therapy
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / pathology
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • Risk Factors


  • Aspirin