Acute Pneumonia

Crit Care Nurs Q. Apr-Jun 2016;39(2):148-60. doi: 10.1097/CNQ.0000000000000108.


Acute pneumonia is an active infection of the lungs that results when an individual at risk gets exposed to a particular microbiological pathogen. Acute pneumonia is the leading cause of death in the United States that is attributable to an infection. The risk factors, pathogenesis, and microbiological organisms involved differ if the pneumonia develops in the community versus health care-associated environment. The development of concise and comprehensive guidelines has led to an improvement in the management of the problem. However, the emergence of multidrug-resistant organisms and the increase in the percentage of elderly population keep mortality risk very substantial.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Age Factors
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Biomarkers
  • Community-Acquired Infections / diagnosis
  • Community-Acquired Infections / drug therapy
  • Community-Acquired Infections / mortality
  • Cross Infection / diagnosis
  • Cross Infection / drug therapy
  • Cross Infection / epidemiology
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Humans
  • Pneumonia* / drug therapy
  • Pneumonia* / etiology
  • Pneumonia* / physiopathology
  • Risk Factors
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Biomarkers