No evidence that protein truncating variants in BRIP1 are associated with breast cancer risk: implications for gene panel testing

J Med Genet. 2016 May;53(5):298-309. doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2015-103529. Epub 2016 Feb 26.

Abstract

Background: BRCA1 interacting protein C-terminal helicase 1 (BRIP1) is one of the Fanconi Anaemia Complementation (FANC) group family of DNA repair proteins. Biallelic mutations in BRIP1 are responsible for FANC group J, and previous studies have also suggested that rare protein truncating variants in BRIP1 are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. These studies have led to inclusion of BRIP1 on targeted sequencing panels for breast cancer risk prediction.

Methods: We evaluated a truncating variant, p.Arg798Ter (rs137852986), and 10 missense variants of BRIP1, in 48 144 cases and 43 607 controls of European origin, drawn from 41 studies participating in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC). Additionally, we sequenced the coding regions of BRIP1 in 13 213 cases and 5242 controls from the UK, 1313 cases and 1123 controls from three population-based studies as part of the Breast Cancer Family Registry, and 1853 familial cases and 2001 controls from Australia.

Results: The rare truncating allele of rs137852986 was observed in 23 cases and 18 controls in Europeans in BCAC (OR 1.09, 95% CI 0.58 to 2.03, p=0.79). Truncating variants were found in the sequencing studies in 34 cases (0.21%) and 19 controls (0.23%) (combined OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.48 to 1.70, p=0.75).

Conclusions: These results suggest that truncating variants in BRIP1, and in particular p.Arg798Ter, are not associated with a substantial increase in breast cancer risk. Such observations have important implications for the reporting of results from breast cancer screening panels.

Keywords: Cancer: breast.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Cohort Studies
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / genetics
  • Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group Proteins
  • Female
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation*
  • RNA Helicases / genetics*
  • Risk

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group Proteins
  • BRIP1 protein, human
  • RNA Helicases