Introduction: We evaluated the effect of Alzheimer's disease (AD) susceptibility loci on endophenotypes closely related with AD pathology in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
Methods: We selected 1730 MCI patients from four independent data sets. Weighted polygenic risk scores (PGS) were constructed of 18 non-apolipoprotein E (APOE) AD risk variants. In addition, we determined APOE genotype. AD endophenotypes were cognitive decline over time and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers (aβ, tau, ptau).
Results: PGS was modestly associated with cognitive decline over time, as measured by mini-mental state examination (MMSE) (β ± SE:-0.24 ± 0.10; P = .012), and with CSF levels of tau and ptau (tau: 1.38 ± 0.36, P = 1.21 × 10(-4); ptau: 1.40 ± 0.36, P = 1.02 × 10(-4)).
Discussion: In MCI, we observed a joint effect of AD susceptibility loci on nonamyloid endophenotypes, suggesting a link of these genetic loci with neuronal degeneration in general rather than with Alzheimer-related amyloid deposition.
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; Endophenotypes; Genetic risk variants; Mild cognitive impairment; Polygenic risk score.
Copyright © 2016 The Alzheimer's Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.