Genome sequence of a novel victorivirus identified in the phytopathogenic fungus Alternaria arborescens

Arch Virol. 2016 Jun;161(6):1701-4. doi: 10.1007/s00705-016-2796-9. Epub 2016 Feb 29.


Strains of the phytopathogenic fungus Alternaria spp. have been found to contain a variety of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) elements indicative of mycovirus infection. Here, we report the molecular characterization of a novel dsRNA mycovirus, Alternaria arborescens victorivirus 1 (AaVV1), from A. arborescens, the tomato pathotype of A. alternata. Using next-generation sequencing of dsRNA purified from an A. arborescens strain from the United States of America, we found that the AaVV1 genome is 5203 bp in length and contains two open reading frames (ORF1 and 2) that overlap at the tetranucleotide AUGA. Proteins encoded by ORF1 and ORF2 showed significant similarities to the coat protein (CP) and the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), respectively, of dsRNA mycoviruses of the genus Victorivirus. Pairwise comparisons and phylogenetic analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences of both CP and RdRp indicated that AaVV1 is a member of a distinct species of the genus Victorivirus in the family Totiviridae.

MeSH terms

  • Alternaria / pathogenicity
  • Alternaria / virology*
  • Capsid Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Viruses / classification
  • Fungal Viruses / genetics*
  • Fungal Viruses / isolation & purification
  • Genome, Viral
  • Open Reading Frames
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Viral / chemistry
  • RNA, Viral / genetics
  • RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase / genetics
  • Totiviridae / classification
  • Totiviridae / genetics*
  • Totiviridae / isolation & purification


  • Capsid Proteins
  • RNA, Viral
  • RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase