Challenges of Transcultural Caring Among Health Workers in Mashhad-Iran: A Qualitative Study

Glob J Health Sci. 2015 Dec 18;8(7):203-11. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v8n7p203.


Background: One of the consequences of migration is cultural diversity in various communities. This has created challenges for healthcare systems.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to explore the health care staffs' experience of caring for Immigrants in Mashhad- Iran.

Setting: This study is done in Tollab area (wherein most immigrants live) of Mashhad. Clinics and hospitals that immigrants had more referral were selected.

Participants: Data were collected through in-depth interviews with medical and nursing staffs. 15 participants (7 Doctors and 8 Nurses) who worked in the more referred immigrants' clinics and hospitals were entered to the study.

Design: This is a qualitative study with content analysis approach. Sampling method was purposive. The accuracy and consistency of data were confirmed. Interviews were conducted until no new data were emerged. Data were analyzed by using latent qualitative content analysis.

Results: The data analysis consisted of four main categories; (1) communication barrier, (2) irregular follow- up, (3) lack of trust, (4) cultural- personal trait.

Conclusion: Result revealed that health workers are confronting with some trans- cultural issues in caring of immigrants. Some of these issues are related to immigration status and some related to cultural difference between health workers and immigrants. These issues indicate that there is transcultural care challenges in care of immigrants among health workers. Due to the fact that Iran is the context of various cultures, it is necessary to consider the transcultural care in medical staffs. The study indicates that training and development in the area of cultural competence is necessary.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Communication Barriers
  • Cultural Competency*
  • Cultural Diversity
  • Emigrants and Immigrants
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Iran
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nurses / psychology*
  • Physicians / psychology*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Trust