Two Different Approaches for Oral Administration of Voriconazole Loaded Formulations: Electrospun Fibers versus β-Cyclodextrin Complexes

Int J Mol Sci. 2016 Feb 25;17(3):282. doi: 10.3390/ijms17030282.


In this work, a comparison between two different preparation methods for the improvement of dissolution rate of an antifungal agent is presented. Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) electrospun fibers and β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) complexes, which were produced via an electrospinning process and an inclusion complexation method, respectively, were addressed for the treatment of fungal infections. Voriconazole (VRCZ) drug was selected as a model drug. PCL nanofibers were characterized on the basis of morphology while phase solubility studies for β-CDs complexes were performed. Various concentrations (5, 10, 15 and 20 wt %) of VRCZ were loaded to PCL fibers and β-CD inclusions to study the in vitro release profile as well as in vitro antifungal activity. The results clearly indicated that all formulations showed an improved VRCZ solubility and can inhibit fungi proliferation.

Keywords: PCL; antifungal; fibers; inclusion complexation; voriconazole drug.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology
  • Candida / drug effects
  • Drug Carriers / chemistry*
  • Drug Liberation
  • Nanofibers / chemistry*
  • Polyesters / chemistry
  • Voriconazole / administration & dosage*
  • Voriconazole / pharmacology
  • beta-Cyclodextrins / chemistry*


  • Antifungal Agents
  • Drug Carriers
  • Polyesters
  • beta-Cyclodextrins
  • polycaprolactone
  • Voriconazole