Canine versus human epilepsy: are we up to date?

J Small Anim Pract. 2016 Mar;57(3):115-21. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12437.


In this paper we analyse and compare features of canine and human epilepsy and we suggest new tools for better future understanding of canine epilepsy. The prevalence of epileptic seizures in dogs ranges between 0.5% and 5.7% and between 1% and 3% in the human population. Studies on human epilepsy provide a ready-made format for classification, diagnosis and treatment in veterinary epilepsy. Human studies highlight the value of a thorough seizure classification. Nevertheless, a matter of concern in canine epilepsy is the limited information regarding seizure description and classification because of the lack of EEG-video recording. Establishment of a consensus protocol for ambulatory home video-recording in dogs who suffer from epilepsy, mainly considering indications, duration of monitoring, the sufficient essential training for an optimal interpretation of ictal semiology and the methodology of recordings is needed. The ultimate goal is that the information gathered by these videos will be analysed to describe the epileptic seizures thoroughly, recognize patterns and move towards a better understanding and therefore classification of canine epileptic seizures.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases / classification
  • Dog Diseases / epidemiology
  • Dog Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Dogs
  • Epilepsy / epidemiology
  • Epilepsy / physiopathology
  • Epilepsy / veterinary*
  • Humans
  • Species Specificity
  • Video Recording